Keith W. Munday
BACKGROUND TO THE DEBATE
It all started so innocently. The European Economic
Community (EEC) was formed in 1956, and it had six member-States including
France and Germany. They were particularly concerned that such a Community
would ensure that Europe would never again destroy itself by war. They also
decided to initiate a free trade area.
It was 1973 before the United Kingdom joined, and this was
endorsed by a countrywide Referendum in 1975.
By 1992 however, the EEC had become the European Community
(EC) with its single market and removal of restrictions on movement between
their countries. The Maastricht Treaty later called on the member states to
encourage economic integration and closer union between the peoples of Europe.
There then followed another change; the EC became the European Union (EU). It
agreed to abolish border controls and form a common Foreign and Defence policy.