Drugs Information, what you really should know about, drugs facts on and facts about barbiturates and tranquillisers

A Guide for worried parents, teenagers who are using drugs or thinking about using drugs and anyone who wants to know more about the subject.

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barbiturates

Tranquilizers act as depressants to the central nervous system and are used to calm, induce sleep, or decrease anxiety. This drug is injected or swallowed in a pill form. Tranquilizers depress the effectiveness of the central nervous system which in turn slows the body down.

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There are two types of tranquilizers
Major tranquilizers:
These tranquilizers are known as "anti-psychotics", which are used for the treatment of mental illness.
Minor tranquilizers:
These tranquilizers decrease anxiety as well as induce sleep. They also act as a general anesthetic.

Common street names:
Barbiturate names: tuinal, seconal, nembutal, barbs, downers, blues, reds, sekkies, sleeping pills, sleepers, amytal, seonal, goof balls, christmas trees.
Tranquiliser names: valium, librium, ativan, tranx, downers, benzos, eggs, jellies, temazepam, mogadon.

How they are taken:
Most barbiturates come in powdered form and are sold in coloured capsules which are swallowed. they are also available as ampoules, suppositories or syrup. tranquillisers are as usually available in pill form, but are sometimes injected.

Effects:
Both barbiturates and tranquillisers have similar effects of calming, sleep induction and anxiety reduction. in small doses barbiturates help people to relax. Large doses produce a drunken effect - slurred speech, clumsiness and unconsciousness; In small doses tranquillisers can relieve anxiety, but higher doses can cause drowsiness and make people lethargic. There is a high risk of accidents when driving or operating machinery.Tranquilizers disrupt the psycho-motor, intellectual, and perceptual functions. This drug accumulates in the body tissue after prolonged use.

tranquilizers

The risks barbiturates:
Barbiturates have many risks, dependence can develop and sudden withdrawal from high doses can result in death. effects of withdrawal are irritability, nervousness, delirium, sleeplessness, fainting, sickness, twitching and even fits. Overdose is an easy mistake caused by just a few extra tablets as a normal dose is very close to a lethal dose.. very dangerous when mixed with alcohol.

The risks tranquillisers:
Tranquillisers also have many risks. alertness is reduced and driving is affected. Tranquillisers release aggression and can cause convulsions. takers quickly become dependant. When mixed with alcohol, may cause coma and death, overdose is a very real threat. Tolerance can develop quickly so larger doses are needed to get the same effects. Withdrawal from regular use can lead to anxiety, nausea and confusion.

Immediate effects:(appear rapidly and may last from hours to days)
reduce emotional reactions reduce mental alertness reduce attention span produce a sense of relaxation and well-being
produce a"floating" sensation slowing of heartbeat shallow breathing induce long periods of sleep
reduce feelings of anxiety cause drowsiness cause mental confusion cause physical unsteadiness
Long term effects:
increased aggressiveness physical dependence withdrawal reactions increased tolerance
severe depression tolerance and dependence
Side effects:
skin rashes nausea dizziness
increases in blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and body temperature heart attacks, strokes, and respiratory failure hepatitis or AIDS through shared needles brain seizures
Tranquilizers and Pregnancy: (congenital defects such as)
cleft lip cleft palate
Withdrawl symptoms can include:
tremors irritability disturbed sleep sweating
stomach aches agitation

For information about other drugs, return to Drug Information Page.